FaReT 2.1: Anatomically precise manipulation of race in 3D face models and a pipeline to import real face scans

Poster Presentation: Wednesday, May 22, 2024, 8:30 am – 12:30 pm, Pavilion
Session: Face and Body Perception: Models

Emily Martin1 (), Shamim Golafshan1, Fabian Soto1; 1Florida International University

FaReT is a free and open-source software developed to increase experimental control in face research via anatomy-driven 3D face modeling in MakeHuman. However, the software has been limited by (1) race models that may not reflect true morphological differences across ancestry groups and (2) a relatively small database of validated identity models. Currently, MakeHuman is equipped with default race targets (i.e., Caucasian, African & Asian), but the origins of these targets are unclear and are most likely qualitatively created for game development purposes. To develop valid race targets for scientific research, we conducted a literature review of anthropometric studies to identify significant face features for each major racial group and created novel race models within FaReT with these feature changes. We validated the final models by comparing anthropometric measurements of face landmarks with the values found in the literature for the same landmarks. To increase our database of identity models, rather than developing additional models, we constructed a pipeline to automatically transform face models described in the widely-used FLAME model space to FaReT space using a deep neural network. Thousands of real face scans are already publicly available in FLAME space, which opens the possibility of using this large dataset in MakeHuman for anatomically precise measurement and manipulation. In addition, it is possible to easily fit new face scans to FLAME and then MakeHuman using our pipeline.

Acknowledgements: This work was supported by the National Science Foundation.